Thomas Otway (1652–1685)

Verse

The Complaint. A Song To a new Scotch Tune of Mr. Farmers, By Mr. T.O. (‘I love, I dote, I rave with pain’)

First published in Miscellany, Being a Collection of Poems, ed. Aphra Behn (London, 1685). Ghosh, II, 470-1.

OtT 1

Copy in: A folio verse miscellany, 38 leaves. Compiled by a Cambridge University man, much of the contents transcribed ‘from a book of poems that mr. Head lent me’. c.1730.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. poet. 222, f. 4r-v.

The Poet's Complaint of his Muse; or, A Satyr against Libells. A Poem (‘To a high Hill where never yet stood Tree’)

First published in London, 1680. Ghosh, II, 401-26.

*OtT 2

Autograph fair copy, complete with signed dedication to Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, on 22 pages of a quire of twelve folio leaves, in a paper wrapper bearing the title, possibly used as the printer's copy in 1680. c.1680.

The wrapper is inscribed ‘The Author's own Manuscript. J. Merrick, D.V. Taverner. 1730's’ and, in the hand of John Loveday (1742-1809), ‘Printed at Lond. 1680. qu…’. Sotheby's, 8 June 1953 (Loveday sale), lot 156.

Facsimile of page 11 and of Otway's signature in Sotheby's sale catalogue (frontispiece and lot 156). Facsimile of page 12 in Margaret Crum, English and American Autographs in the Bodmeriana (Cologny-Geneva, 1977), p. 54. Facsimile also in IELM, II.ii (1993), Facsimile V, after p. xix.

Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, Cologny-Geneva, Switzerland, [no shelfmark].

The sixteenth Ode Of the second Book of Horace (‘In Storms when Clouds the Moon do hide’)

First published in Miscellany Poems (London, 1684). Ghosh, II, 447-8.

OtT 3

Copy, headed ‘Book 2d. Ode. 16…by Mr. Otway. Tranquility of mind, so much desir'd by all, is attainable only by Bridling the appetite’.

In: A folio verse miscellany, entitled ‘The Muse's Magazine, or Poeticall Miscelanies, in two parts’, in a single hand, 189 leaves. Including 27 poems by Cowley; eleven poems by Katherine Philips, evidently derived from printed sources; 10 poems by Rochester, as well as apocryphal items; twelve poems by Sedley, plus one of doubtful authorship; and 15 poems by Waller, evidently derived from printed sources. Early 18th century.

A note on a flyleaf relating to the bookseller John Dunton (1659-1733): ‘John Dunton His Book, for which Mr. Corbet at ye Addisons Head, accepted One Half Guinea in full Payment for it, as Witness my Hand, Hannah Rakley’. A note on f. 1: ‘Since I had transcrib'd this whole Book, I met with some state Poems of these later times, mostly since K. George's Accession to the Crown [1714] which I have here inserted, as a supplement to these state Poems which make a part of this Collection by themselves’. Date at the end of the volume: ‘1718’, and some notes on a flyleaf dated ‘1724’.

The ‘Mr. Corbet’ from whom Dunton purchased this MS was evidently the bookseller Thomas Corbett (fl. 1705-43), who ran his business at the Addison's Head, next to the Rose Tavern, without Temple Bar, from 1719 until his death in 1743. Neither Dunton nor Corbett are known to have used this MS for publication purposes.

Cited in IELM, II.ii (1993), as the ‘Dunton MS’: PsK Δ 8; RoJ Δ 4; SeC Δ 1; WaE Δ 10.

For John Dunton's career, see Stephen Parks, John Dunton and the English Book Trade: A Study of His Career with a Checklist of His Publications (New York & London, 1970).

Bodleian, MS Rawl. poet. 173, ff. 31v-2v.

OtT 4

Copy in a 19th-century hand.

In: An octavo miscellany of verse and prose, in English, Latin and Greek, predominantly in a single hand, with 19th-century additions (pp. 195 onwards, at least partly from earlier MS sources), 279 pages, in contemporary calf. c.1644 (and later).

Inscribed (f. [ir]) ‘William Han: 1644’, probably by the academic compiler.

Yale, Osborn MS b 150, pp. 215-16.

OtT 5

Copy, headed ‘Horace Ode 16 Liber 2 oluem Dives rogat &ca. By Mr Otway’.

In: A folio verse miscellany, in a single neat hand, with some rubrication, 122 pages, with an index, in contemporary marbled boards. With a title-page: ‘Poems on Various Subjects Extracted cheifly from the Works of Some of the Most Celebrated Poets Scribendo Disces MDCCXLVII’. 1747.

Yale, Osborn MS fc 60, pp. 48-9.

‘Would you know how we meet’

A song attributed to Otway in early printed sources and possibly by him. First published, in a musical setting by Henry Purcell, in The Theater of Music, The Second Book (London, 1685).

OtT 6

Copy of the song, in a musical setting by Henry Purcell, untitled.

In: An oblong narrow volume of musical glees, catches, rounds, etc., in two hands, 96 leaves and pages (plus numerous blanks), in reversed calf. c.1765.

Inscribed inside the front cover ‘Gilbert Heathcote’.

Bodleian, MS Mus d. 177, f. 17r.

OtT 7

Copy of the song.

In: A quarto miscellany of chiefly amatory verse, in several hands, i + 132 leaves. Partly in Scottish dialect, one poem by ‘mr. W. Turner’. Early 18th century.

Recorded in Franklin B. Zimmerman, Henry Purcell: An Analytical Catalogue (London & New York, 1963), No. 290.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. poet. 196, f. 5v.

OtT 8

Copy of the song, in a musical setting by Henry Purcell.

In: A tall folio book of chiefly vocal music, the lyrics in a cursive italic hand, with (ff. 91r-2r) a later index, 92 leaves, in contemporary calf gilt within modern half red morocco. c.1700s.

Putttick & Simpson's, 25 August 1857, lot 269.

Recorded in Franklin B. Zimmerman, Henry Purcell: An Analytical Catalogue (London & New York, 1963), No. 290.

British Library, Add. MS 22099, f. 63r.

OtT 10

Copy of the song, in a musical setting by Henry Purcell.

In: A square-shaped folio volume of vocal and instrumental music, in two or more cursive italic hands, written from both ends, with (ff. 1v-2v, 96v rev) a table of contents, 97 leaves, in modern half red morocco. c.1760s.

Bookplate of Edmund Thomas Warren Horne, publisher, and probably the compiler. Puttick & Simpson's, 24 April 1873.

Recorded in Franklin B. Zimmerman, Henry Purcell: An Analytical Catalogue (London & New York, 1963), No. 290.

British Library, Add. MS 29386, [Unspecified page numbers].

OtT 11

Copy of the song in a musical setting by Henry Purcell.

In: Folio MS songbook. Late 17th century.

Recorded in Franklin B. Zimmerman, Henry Purcell: An Analytical Catalogue (London & New York, 1963), No. 290.

Royal College of Music, MS 1119, [unspecified page numbers].

OtT 12

Copy of the song, in a musical setting by Henry Purcell.

Recorded in Franklin B. Zimmerman, Henry Purcell: An Analytical Catalogue (London & New York, 1963), No. 290.

University of Glasgow, G.C. 21.

OtT 13

Copy of the song.

In: A duodecimo verse miscellany, in a largely secretary hand, 222 pages, in calf. c.1705.

Yale, Osborn MS c 189, p. 158.

OtT 14

Copy of the song, in a musical setting by Henry Purcell.

In: An oblong quarto songbook, in one or possibly two hands, with a table of contents, vi + 128 pages, in contemporary blind-stamped calf. c.1705-39.

Owned, and possibly compiled, by William Knight (1684-1739), vicar choral (from 1712) and subchanter (from 1722) at York Minster.

Recorded in Franklin B. Zimmerman, Henry Purcell: An Analytical Catalogue (London & New York, 1963), No. 290.

York Minster, MS M. 12. S, [unspecified page numbers].

OtT 15

Copy of the song, in a musical setting by Henry Purcell, in a MS music book. Late 17th century?.

In the Nanki Collection, Japan.

Recorded in Franklin B. Zimmerman, Henry Purcell: An Analytical Catalogue (London & New York, 1963), No. 290.

Untraced, [Nanki MS].

Dramatic Works

The Orphan

First published in London, 1680.

OtT 16

Extract.

In: A duodecimo miscellany of verse and prose, predominantly in a single non-professional hand, iv + 214 pages, in contemporary calf. Inscribed (p. 211) ‘I ended this book Novr. 13th 1723’. c.1723.

Leeds University Library, Brotherton Collection, MS Lt 15, pp. 76-7.

OtT 17

Extract.

In: A quarto miscellany of verse and prose, 74 leaves, in a contemporary green vellum wallet binding. Compiled, and partly composed, by Benjamin Coles, of Great Forster's, near Egham, Surrey. c.1741.

Inscribed (f. 74v) ‘Jas. Foster Trusley / Derbyshire / Jos: Foster / Thulston / Derbyshire 1787’.

Leeds University Library, Brotherton Collection, MS Lt. 53, f. 32r.

Venice Preserv'd

First published in London, 1682. Ghosh, II, 197-289.

OtT 18

Extracts.

In: the MS described under OtT 16. c.1723.

Leeds University Library, Brotherton Collection, MS Lt 15, pp. 80-1.

Documents

Document(s)

*OtT 19

The young Otway's autograph subscription, 27 May 1669. 1669.

In: Subscription Register. 1660-93.

Facsimile in Ghosh, I, frontispiece.

Oxford University Archives, S.P. 41, Register Ae, [unspecified page number].

*OtT 20

The young Otway's autograph signature, 28 September 1671. 1671.

In: Book of cautions. 1657-1675.

Facsimile in Ghosh, I, frontispiece.

Christ Church, Oxford, MS xiii. b. 4, p. 155.

*OtT 21

Otway's autograph signature, as witness, to a document in which Nell Gwynne granted power of attorney to James Frazier to receive her pension, on one folio page, 1 June 1680. 1680.

Hart records that this document was formerly owned by Robert Cole, FSA, and sold in the Cole sale [at Puttick & Simpson's] on [29] July 1861 [3rd day, lot 599, to Simpson]. Sold, with two documents for payments to Nell Gwynne in 1680, at Puttick & Simpson's, 3 June 1878, lot 209.

This MS edited, with a rather poor facsimile of Otway's signature, in William Henry Hart, A Memorial of Nell Gwynne, the Actress, and Thomas Otway, the Dramatist (London, 1868). Recorded in Ghosh, I, 33.

Untraced, [Otway document].

*OtT 22

Otway's signed receipt and promissory note for the sum of £11 to Jacob Tonson, in the cursive hand possibly of a clerk, 30 June 1683. 1683.

Sotheby's, 1 July 1925, lot 779, to Spenser. Formerly MS Files/Otway.

Yale, Osb MSS File 11212.

OtT 23

Publishers' assignments of the copyright in Venice Preserv'd, variously dated 8 April 1760, 6 October 1764, 5 June 1783, and 19 December 1786. 1760-1786.

In: A folio guardbook comprising ‘Original Assignments of Copy-rights of Books and other Literary Agreements between various Publishers, from 1712 to 1822: collected by William Upcott [(1779-1845), antiquary and autograph collector] of the London Institution. 1825’, in various hands and paper sizes, i + 207 leaves.

British Library, Add. MS 38730, ff. 16v-17r, 47v-8r, 103r, 104v.

Printed Books Inscribed by Otway

Donne, John. Paradoxes, Problemes, Essayes, Characters (London, 1652), bound with Essayes in Divinity (London, 1651)

*OtT 24

A printed exemplum, inscribed on a front endpaper by Otway, as a the nineteen-year-old Oxford student, ‘Sum e Libris Tho: Otway ex Aede Christi Oxon 1671’, and with his initials blind-stamped on the covers.

Sotheby's, 25 November 1957, lot 19, with a facsimile of the inscription in the sale catalogue. Blackwell's sale catalogue No. A17 (1981), item 62.

Untraced, [Otway/Donne volume].

Miscellaneous Extracts from Works by Otway

Extracts

OtT 25

Extracts.

In: A quarto verse miscellany, 171 leaves, with an index, imperfect at the beginning, in contemporary calf (rebacked). Compiled by Colonel Gabriel Lepipre, being the ‘4th Vol’. of his compilations. c.1748-50s.

Donated in 1938 by F.F. Madan.

Bodleian, MS Eng. poet. e. 40, [Unspecified page numbers].

OtT 26

Copy of verses headed ‘Woman’ and beginning ‘Your sex by beauty was to heaven allied’, ascribed to Otway, on a single folio leaf.

In: A quarto volume of miscellaneous papers and correspondence of Anthony Hammond, MP (1668-1738), politician, 107 leaves.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. D. 174, f. 105v.

OtT 27

Copy in: A quarto verse miscellany, largely in one hand, with additions by others, written from both ends, material at the reverse end dated 1708-9, ii + 114 leaves, in 19th-century half-calf. Inscribed (f. [iir]), probably by the compiler, ‘Ex Libris Georgij Wright [b.1685/6] Sti Johannis Collegis Cantabrigiensis Alumni, Decimo quarto Junij. Annoq. Domini 1703’. c.1703-9.

Also inscribed (f.[iir]) ‘Mrs Frances Wright 1708’. A postal address on f. 95r (rev.) reads: ‘Direct to Margtt Borrett att Mrs. Borretts In Kirkby=stephen Westmoorland p brough bag _ These’.

Recorded in IELM, II.ii, as the Wright MS: WaE Δ 12.

Edinburgh University Library, MS Dc. 3. 76, ff. 62r, 63r, 74r.

OtT 28

A series of extracts from ‘Alcibiades. a Tragedy, Written by Tho: Otway. 4to. 1675. in Heroic Verse’.

In: A set of three quarto verse miscellanies, largely in a single cursive hand, all transcribed from printed books, 276 + 340 + c.350 pages, in contemporary vellum boards. Volume I with a title-page ‘Scraps of Poetry On Winter, Its Opposites, & Concomitants: and many other agreeable Fragments all Collected Chiefly from borrowed Books Begun April 7th: 1760. and finished May 20th: 1760. By me Tho: Austen, Rochester’. 1760-7.

Volume II, written from both ends, some pages in a second hand, dated 1765.

Volume III, written from both ends, entitled ‘An Abstract of curious, odd, & comical Passages from old Plays as they came casually to hand, Begun Novembr. 1767’.

Donated by Edgar Huidekoper Wells (class of 1897).

Harvard, MS Eng 611, Vol. III, pp. 20-7.

OtT 29

Eight lines of verse, headed ‘Woman’ and beginning ‘Thou art Woman! a true Copy of ye first’, subscribed ‘Otway’.

In: A folio verse miscellany, in possibly two neat rounded hands, 366 pages plus a five-page index, dated at the end ‘Finis August ye. 6th 1717’. 1715-17.

University of Chicago, MS 553, p. 15.