Richard Lovelace (1618–1657)

Verse

Against the Love of Great Ones (‘Vnhappy youth betrayed by Fate’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 67-9. (1930), pp. 74-6.

LoR 1

Copy in: A printed exemplum of Crashaw's Steps to the Temple, 2nd edition (London, 1648), incorporating a section of printer's proof-sheets, pp. 75-96 of Part I being printed on one side of the paper only, the blank versos filled with contemporary MS copies of other poems and extracts and with ‘MS. Poems mostly in the same hand written on several other l[eaves]’, including (according to Grosart) ‘on the blanks from p. 75 to p. 77…18 numbered “Epigrams” which would seem to belong to Crashaw, though not assigned to him’, also (on blanks of pp. 78-84) a series of epigrams by Thomas Fuller, with ‘other epigrams’ (according to Hazlitt) ‘in a different hand’ and including ‘several of an amatory cast’; the volume signed and possibly compiled by Dudley Posthumus Lovelace, brother of the poet Richard Lovelace. Mid-17th century?.

Owned c.1862-5 by William Carew Hazlitt (1834-1913), bibliographer and writer, and from c.1868 by Henry Hucks Gibbs (1819-1907), first Lord Aldenham. Sotheby's, 3 May 1937 (Aldenham sale), lot 553, to Dobell.

Recorded in IELM as CrR Δ 8. Discussed in Lucasta. The Poems of Richard Lovelace, Esq., ed. W. Carew Hazlitt (London, 1864), p. 42; in W. Carew Hazlitt, ‘Thomas Fuller's Unpublished Epigrams’, N & Q, 3rd Ser. 7 (6 May 1865), 352-3; in The Poems and Translations in Verse…of Thomas Fuller D.D., ed. Alexander B. Grosart (privately printed, 1868), pp. 8, 219-20; and in John Eglinton Bailey, The Life of Thomas Fuller, D.D. (London, 1874), pp. 132-3. Hazlitt notes: ‘At the close of the volume occurs, with considerable appearance of having been written by the same person, who has composed or transcribed other pieces, the autograph of Dudley Lovelace, who has written his name a second time with an eye to a little jeu de mots, thus: Dudley Lovelasse, and this gentleman has apparently…copied out portions of his brother's Lucasta upon some of the spare leaves…On the recto of p. 96 there are four verses from Lucasta with the signature of Richarde Lovelace’. Grosart adds a few details of the extracts from Lucasta which occur on the verso of the title-page and two following pages, noting that ‘This portion is partly in short-hand characters, and differs, I think, from the Epigram hand-writing’, also mentioning that the predominant handwriting is ‘somewhat intricate and difficult’. Bailey notes: ‘The handwriting is much abbreviated, but bears a certain similarity to Fuller's in his later years’. Grosart made no reference to this volume in his later edition of Crashaw (1872-88). The presence of the epigrams by Fuller, as also perhaps the use of shorthand, suggests a possible connection with the Hailstone MS (Folger, MS V.a.148).

This MS collated in Hazlitt, pp. 113-116.

Untraced, [Lovelace/Crashaw volume], [unspecified page numbers].

Amyntor's Grove, His Chloris, Arigo, and Gratiana. An Elogie (‘It was Amyntor's Grove, that Chloris’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 64-7. (1930), pp. 71-4.

LoR 2

Copy, headed ‘Gratiana's Eulogy’.

In: the MS described under LoR 1. Mid-17th century?.

This MS collated in Hazlitt, pp. 84-6.

Untraced, [Lovelace/Crashaw volume], [unspecified page numbers].

A loose Saraband (‘Ah me! the little Tyrant Theefe!’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), I, 30-1. (1930), pp. 32-4.

LoR 3

Copy, here beginning ‘Aye me ye littel Tyrant Theife’, in a musical setting by Henry Lawes (1596-1662).

In: A folio songbook, in a single secretary hand, some items misnumbered, 144 leaves. c.1640s.

Once owned by the Shirley family, Earls Ferrers, of Staunton Harold, Leicestershire. Also owned, and annotated, by Edward Francis Rimbault (1816-76), organist and author. Acquired in 1888.

Generally cited as the Earl Ferrers MS. Collated in Cutts, ‘Drexel Manuscript 4041’, MD, 18 (1964), 151-202. A complete facsimile is in English Song 1600-1675, ed. Elise Bickford Jorgens, Vol. 9 (New York & London, 1987).

This MS discussed, with a facsimile, in Willa McClung Evans, ‘Lawes' and Lovelace's Loose Saraband’, PMLA, 54.i (1939), 764-7.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4041, No. 43, f. 33r-v.

Love Conquer'd. A Song (‘The childish God of Love did sweare’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 29. (1930), pp. 31-2.

LoR 4

Copy, in Lawes's musical setting, untitled.

In: A large folio volume of autograph vocal music by Henry Lawes (1596-1662), ix + 184 leaves, in modern black morocco gilt. Comprising over 300 songs and musical dialogues by Lawes, probably written over an extended period (c.1626-62) in preparation for his eventual publications, including settings of 38 poems by Carew, fourteen poems by or attributed to Herrick, and fifteen by Waller. Mid-17th century.

Bookplates of William Gostling (1696-1777), antiquary and topographer; of Robert Smith, of 3 St Paul's Churchyard; and of Stephen Groombridge, FRS (1755-1832), astronomer. Later owned, until 1966, by Miss Naomi D. Church, of Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire. Formerly British Library Loan MS 35.

Recorded in IELM, II.i-ii (1987-93), as the ‘Henry Lawes MS’: CwT Δ 16; HeR Δ 3; WaE Δ 11. Discussed, with facsimile examples, in Pamela J. Willetts, The Henry Lawes Manuscript (London, 1969). Facsimiles of ff. 42r, 78r, 80r, 84r, 111r and 169r in The Poems and Masques of Aurelian Townshend, ed. Cedric C. Brown (Reading, 1983), pp. 59, 60, 62, 64, 66 and 117. Also discussed in Willa McClung Evans, Henry Lawes: Musician and Friend of Poets (New York and London, 1941), and elsewhere. A complete facsimile of the volume in English Song 1600-1675, ed. Elise Bickford Jorgens, Vol. 3 (New York & London, 1986).

Complete reduced facsimile of this MS in Wilkinson, II, between pp. 28 & 29.

British Library, Add. MS 53723, f. 145r-v.

Lucasta Weeping. Song (‘Lucasta wept, and still the bright’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 44. (1930), p. 45.

LoR 5

Copy in: the MS described under LoR 1. Mid-17th century?.

The third stanza edited from this MS in Hazlitt, p. 42.

Untraced, [Lovelace/Crashaw volume], [unspecified page numbers].

A Mock-Song (‘Now Whitehalls in the grave’)

First published in Lucasta. Posthume Poems (London, 1659-60). Wilkinson (1925), I, 143. (1930), pp. 154-5.

LoR 6

Copy, in a musical setting by John Cave.

In: A folio music book, containing 327 songs, in three largely secretary hands, with a ‘Cattalogue’ of contents, 229 leaves. Owned (in 1659) and partly compiled by the composer John Gamble (d.1687), with some misnumbering. c.1630s-50s.

Later owned by Edward Francis Rimbault (1816-76), organist and author. Acquired in 1888.

A complete facsimile is in English Song 1600-1675, ed. Elise Bickford Jorgens, Vol. 10 (New York & London, 1987). Discussed in Charles W. Hughes, ‘John Gamble's Commonplace Book’, M&L, 26 (1945), 215-29.

Edited from this MS and discussed, with a facsimile, in Willa McClung Evans, ‘Richard Lovelace's “Mock Song”’, PQ, 24 (1945), 317-28.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4257, No. 307.

‘O I am Sick, I am Sick to death, 'tis soe!’

First published, with the supplied title ‘Tormenting Fires’ and ascribed to Lovelace, in Willa McClung Evans, ‘Tormenting Fires’, MLQ, 9 (1948), 11-16.

LoR 7

Copy of a poem possibly by Lovelace, in Lawes's musical setting.

In: the MS described under LoR 4. Mid-17th century.

Edited from this MS in Evans, loc. cit., with a facsimile facing p. 12.

British Library, Add. MS 53723, f. 152r-v.

Ode. To Lucasta. The Rose (‘Sweet serene skye-like Flower’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 21-2. (1930), pp. 23-4.

LoR 8

Copy in a musical setting by John Wilson, untitled.

In: A large folio volume of songs in musical settings by John Wilson (1595-1674), composer and musician, vi + 214 leaves (plus some blanks), gilt-edged, in contemporary black morocco elaborately gilt, lettered on each cover ‘DR. / I.W’, with silver clasps. Possibly Wilson's formal autograph MS or else in the hand of someone similarly associated with Edward Lowe (c.1610-82). c.1656.

Complete facsimile in Jorgens, Vol. 7 (1987). Discussed in John P. Cutts, ‘Seventeenth Century Lyrics: Oxford, Bodleian, MS. Mus. b. 1’, MD, 10 (1956), 142-209.

This MS collated, with a facsimile, in Willa McClung Evans, ‘The Rose: A Song by Wilson and Lovelace’, MLQ, 7 (1946), 269-78; Edited from this MS in John P. Cutts, ‘John Wilson and Lovelace's “The Rose”’, N&Q, 198 (April 1953), 153-4.

Bodleian, MS Mus. b. 1, f. 130r.

LoR 9

Copy of the first two stanzas, in a musical setting by John Wilson, untitled.

In: A folio songbook (First Treble part), in a single hand, written from both ends, viii + 213 pages (paginated 1-191, then 1-22 rev.), lacking pp. 87-8, 115-18, the first two of which are now Birmingham Central Library, Acc. No. 57316, Location No. S747.01, in modern half brown morocco marbled boards. Compiled entirely by Edward Lowe (c.1610-82), organist and composer. Mid-late 17th century.

Later owned by Edward Francis Rimbault (1816-76), organist and author.

Discussed in John P. Cutts, ‘Seventeenth-Century Songs and Lyrics in Edinburgh University Library Music MS. Dc. 1. 69’, MD, 13 (1959), 169-94. A complete facsimile is in English Song 1600-1675, ed. Elise Bickford Jorgens, Vol. 8 (New York & London, 1987).

This MS discussed (no variants) in John P. Cutts, ‘Seventeenth-Century Songs and Lyrics in Edinburgh University Library Music MS. Dc. 1. 69’, MD, 13 (1959), 169-94 (p. 186).

Edinburgh University Library, MS Dc. 1. 69, p. 108.

LoR 10

Copy, in a musical setting by John Wilson.

In: the MS described under LoR 3. c.1640s.

This MS edited and discussed, with a facsimile, in Evans, loc. cit.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4041, No. 86, ff. 65-4v.

LoR 11

Copy in: the MS described under LoR 1. Mid-17th century?.

This MS collated in Hazlitt, p. 32, n. 2.

Untraced, [Lovelace/Crashaw volume], [unspecified page numbers].

The Scrutinie. Song (‘Why should you sweare I am forsworn’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 24. (1930), pp. 26-7. A musical setting by Thomas Charles published in Select Musicall Ayres, and Dialogues (London, 1652).

LoR 12

Copy, untitled.

In: An octavo verse miscellany, in a single informal hand, a member of St John's College, Oxford, i + 99 leaves, in half-vellum marbled boards. Including 19 poems by Habington and (ff. 8r-21r, 28v) 21 poems by Katherine Philips transcribed from a edited source. Late 17th century.

Later owned by Richard Rawlinson (1690-1755).

Cited in IELM, II.ii (1993), as ‘Rawlinson MS I’: PsK Δ 6.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. poet. 65, f. 30v.

LoR 13

Copy, headed ‘Songe’, subscribed Rich. Louelace.

In: A quarto verse miscellany, in English and Latin, in two or more cursive hands, written from both ends, iv + 278 pages, in contemporary calf. Compiled principally by one ‘H. S.’, a Cambridge University man. c.1640s-60s.

This MS volume edited in D.J. Rose, MS Rawlinson Poetical 147: An Annotated Volume of Seventeenth-Century Cambridge Verses (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Leicester, 1992), of which a copy is in Cambridge University Library, Manuscript Department, A8f.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. poet. 147, p. 135.

LoR 13.5

Copy, headed ‘Another’ and here beginning ‘Why didst thou say, I am forsworne’.

In: A quarto composite volume comprising three independent MSS bound together, i + 78 leaves. The first MS a verse miscellany, in an italic hand, 29 leaves. c.1640.

This MS recorded in Dosia Reichardt, ‘Some Unnoticed Lovelace Manuscripts’, N&Q, 247 (2002), 336-8.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. poet. 153, f. 18r.

LoR 14

Copy, headed ‘The Mutable Louer’; this MS in the same hand as LoR 13. The text is followed (ff. 25v-6) by ‘The Reply’ (beginning ‘Yes, yes, I say you are foresworne’).

In: An octavo verse miscellany, in a single neat predominantly italic hand, 72 leaves, in old leather. Probably compiled by one ‘H.S.’, a Cambridge man. c.1640s-50s.

Later owned by the Rev. Philip Bliss (1787-1857), antiquary and book collector, with his bookplate and inscription ‘1806 Purchased of Lansdown of Bristol’. Bliss sale, 21 August 1858, lot 192.

British Library, Add. MS 22603, f. 25r-v.

LoR 15

Copy, in a musical setting by Thomas Charles, untitled; the text followed (f. 38r) by a ‘Reply’ (here beginning ‘I sweare hadst thou not bin forsworne’) subscribed ‘Mr. Hen. Ventrice’.

In: A folio songbook, almost entirely in a single rounded italic hand, with (ff. 3r-7v) a table of contents, 113 leaves, in 19th-century half dark red morocco. Compiled by Edward Lowe (c.1610-82), organist and composer (his signature f. 2v). c.1654-70s.

Arms of Eleanor Bursh on a seal affixed to f. 56r. Later owned and annotated in pencil by Thomas Oliphant (1799-1873), music editor and cataloguer.

A complete facsimile of this volume in English Song 1600-1675, ed. Elise Bickford Jorgens, Vol. 5 (New York & London, 1986).

This MS recorded in Wilkinson.

British Library, Add. MS 29396, f. 37v.

LoR 15.5

Copy, in a musical setting by Henry Lawes.

In: An oblong folio book of vocal music, largely in one hand, 165 leaves, in moder half red morocco. Mid-18th century.

Acquired from Julian Marshall (1836-1903), music and print collector and writer, 1880-81.

Recorded in Wilkinson (1925), I, 23.

British Library, Add. MS 31813, f. 2v.

LoR 15.8

Copy, in William Lawes's musical setting, on a leaf inserted in the volume. c.1630s-40s.

British Library, Add. MS 78356*.

LoR 16

Copy, headed ‘A Song by R: Louelace’ and here beginning ‘Why shouldst thou say I am forsworne’.

In: A duodecimo verse miscellany, in several small non-professional hands, 88 leaves, imperfect at the beginning. c.1630s-40s.

British Library, Egerton MS 923, ff. 83v-4r.

LoR 16.5

Copy, headed ‘Songs’, on one page in a five-page section of verse near the end of the volume.

In: A small octavo commonplace book, in various hands, over a period from c.1649 to1815, unpaginated and imperfect, in contemporary calf. Including 64 pages with descriptions of dance steps, fifteen pages of verse, and a number of pages of miscellaneous, household and legal memoranda. Chiefly mid-late 17th century.

Inscribed names passim including ‘Richard Pattricke’, ‘Richard Lewis 1654’,

Harvard, MS Eng 1356, [unspecified page numbers].

LoR 16.8

Copy of lines 1-3, untitled. c.1640.

In: A folio composite volume of verse, prose and dramatic works, in various hands, written over a period from both ends, 543 pages (including blanks), in contemporary panelled calf with remains of metal clasps. Compiled by members of the Salusbury family of Llewenni, Denbighshire, including works by Sir Thomas Salusbury, second Baronet (1612-43), poet and politician. Early-mid 17th century.

Later owned by J. Baskerville-Glegg, of Withington Hall, Chelford. Sotheby's, 14-16 March 1921, lot 421.

National Library of Wales, NLW MS 5390 D, p. 2.

LoR 17

Copy, in a musical setting by Thomas Charles, here beginning ‘Why will you sweare I am forsworne’,.

In: the MS described under LoR 3. c.1640s.

This MS collated in Cutts, ‘Drexel Manuscript 4041’, p. 175.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4041, No. 45, f. 34v.

LoR 18

Copy, in a musical setting by Thomas Charles.

In: the MS described under LoR 6. c.1630s-50s.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4257, No. 219.

LoR 19

Copy of the first stanza, untitled, here beginning ‘Why shouldst yu sweare I am forsworne’, at the end of a section of entries on quarto leaves dating from November 1643 to February 1643/4 in a folio volume of Ordnance Office papers, foliated 241-482, in modern boards. c.1644.

Inscribed names (ff. 435r-7r) of ‘ffrancis Robinson gentleman of Thordnance’, ‘ffrancis Dixon’, ‘Edward Sherburne’, ‘B Blankard’, ‘Roger Pickford’, ‘H Percy’, and ‘William Godfrey’.

Edited from this MS in Herbert Berry and E.K. Timings, ‘Lovelace at Court and a Version of Part of his “The Scrutinie”’, MLN, 69 (1954), 396-8.

National Archives, Kew, WO55/1661, Part 2/435.

LoR 19.5

Copy, untitled.

In: A folio formal verse miscellany, in a single rounded hand, 259 pages (plus a three-page index), in modern boards. The contents, the latest of which (on pp. 203-7) can be dated to a marriage that took place in November 1656, reflect the taste of Interregnum Royalist sympathisers. c.Late 1650s.

Formerly in the library of Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bt (1792-1872), manuscript and book collector: Phillipps MS 4001. Sotheby's, 29 June 1946, lot 164, to Myers. Then in the library of Charles Kay Ogden (1889-1957), psychologist, linguist, and book collector.

University College London, MS Ogden 42, pp. 114-15.

LoR 20

Copy, untitled and here beginning ‘Why did'st thou sweare I am forsworne’.

In: A folio formal verse miscellany, comprising c.406 poems, many of them song lyrics, in various neat hands, compiled probably over a period, 8 blank leaves (pp. [i-xvi]) + 10 unnumbered pages of poems (pp. [xvii-xxvi]) + 9 numbered pages (pp. 1-9) + ff. [9v]-151v + 12 leaves at the end blank but for a poem on the penultimate page (f. [11v]), in contemporary calf gilt. Once erroneously associated with Thomas Killigrew (1612-83), whose hand does not appear in the volume. Mid-17th century-c.1702.

Inscribed (f. [ir]) ‘Sr Robert Killigrew / 1702’. Later in the library of Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bt (1792-1872), book and manuscript collector: Phillipps MS 9070. Sotheby's, 19 May 1897, lot 455.

Discussed, with a facsimile example, in Nancy Cutbirth, ‘Thomas Killigrew's Commonplace Book?’, Library Chronicle of the University of Texas at Austin, NS No. 13 (1980), 31-8.

University of Texas at Austin, Ms (Killigrew, T) Works B Commonplace book, f. 13r.

Song. To Amarantha, That she would dishevell her haire (‘Amarantha sweet and faire’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 18-19. (1930), pp. 20-1. Musical setting by Henry Lawes published in Ayres and Dialogues (London, 1653), a facsimile of which appears in Wilkinson, II, facing p. 18.

LoR 21

Copy, in Lawes's musical setting, untitled.

In: the MS described under LoR 4. Mid-17th century.

Facsimile of this MS in Wilkinson, II, facing p. 19.

British Library, Add. MS 53723, f. 149r.

Song. To Lucasta, Going beyond the Seas (‘If to be absent were to be’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 15-16. (1930), pp. 17-18.

LoR 22

Copy, in Lawes's musical setting, untitled.

In: the MS described under LoR 4. Mid-17th century.

Facsimile of this MS in Wilkinson, II, facing p. 15.

British Library, Add. MS 53723, f. 150r.

LoR 23

Copy, in a musical setting by Henry Lawes.

In: the MS described under LoR 3. c.1640s.

This MS collated in Cutts, ‘Drexel Manuscript 4041’, p. 174.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4041, No. 40, ff. 30v-1r.

LoR 24

Copy, in a musical setting by Henry lawes.

In: the MS described under LoR 6. c.1630s-50s.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4257, No. 221.

Sonnet (‘When I by thy faire shape did sweare’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 40. (1930), p. 44.

LoR 25

Copy, in a musical setting by William Lawes.

In: the MS described under LoR 6. c.1630s-50s.

This MS edited and discussed, with a facsimile, in Willa McClung Evans, ‘An Early Lovelace Text’, PMLA, 60.i (1945), 382-5.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4257, No. 254.

‘Still Amathea thou art Fayre’

First published, with the supplied title ‘To Amathea’ and ascribed to Lovelace, in Willa McClung Evans, ‘To Amathea’, PQ, 23 (1944), 129-34.

LoR 26

Copy of a poem possibly by Lovelace, in Lawes's musical setting.

In: the MS described under LoR 4. Mid-17th century.

Edited from this MS in Evans, loc. cit., with a facsimile facing p. 129.

British Library, Add. MS 53723, f. 120r.

To a Lady that desired me I would beare my part with her in a Song. Madam A.L. (‘This is the Prittiest Motion’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 82-4. (1930), pp. 90-2.

LoR 27

Copy in: the MS described under LoR 1. Mid-17th century?.

This MS collated in Hazlitt, pp. 126-31.

Untraced, [Lovelace/Crashaw volume], [unspecified page numbers].

To Althea, From Prison. Song (‘When Love with unconfined wings’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 70-1. (1930), pp. 78-9. Thomas Clayton, ‘Some Versions, Texts, and Readings of “To Althea, from Prison”’, PBSA, 68 (1974), 225-35. A musical setting by John Wilson published in Select Ayres and Dialogues (London, 1659).

LoR 28

Copy, untitled.

In: A large folio composite volume of verse, in various largely secretary hands, 327 leaves (plus blanks), in contemporary calf. Collected, and partly written, by Elias Ashmole (1617-92), astrologer and antiquary.

Betagraph of the watermark in f. 29 in Ted-Larry Pebworth, ‘Towards a Taxonomy of Watermarks’, in Puzzles in Paper: Concepts in Historical Watermarks, ed. Daniel W. Mosser, Michael Saffle and Ernest W. Sullivan, II (London, 2000), pp. 229-42 (p. 239).

This MS collated in Norman Ault, Seventeenth Century Lyrics (London, 1928), pp. 228-9, 483; recorded in C.H. Wilkinson, ‘Richard Lovelace’, TLS (14 August 1937), p. 592.

Bodleian, MS Ashmole 36/37, f. 3r.

LoR 28.5

Copy in: A quarto verse miscellany, compiled chiefly by Eliza Chapman, 89 leaves. 1788-9 [with additions to 1817].

Among collections of Captain Montagu Montagu, RN (d.1863).

Bodleian, MS Montagu e. 14, ff. 26v-7r.

LoR 29

Copy in a musical setting by John Wilson.

In: A folio music part book (2nd treble part), viii + 218 pages, in contemporary calf. Compiled by Edward Lowe (c.1610-82), organist and composer. c.1650s.

Bookplate of Povert Henley.

Bodleian, MS Mus. d. 238, p. 85.

LoR 30

Copy of the last stanza, untitled and here beginning ‘Stone walls doe not a prison make’.

In: A duodecimo miscellany of verse and prose, in English and Latin, in three hands, written from both ends, 96 leaves, in contemporary calf, with remains of clasps. Late 17th century.

Owned on 14 September 1709 by Thomas Hearne (1678-1735), antiquary.

The last stanza printed from this MS in Wilkinson, I, 53; collated in Clayton.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. D. 1267, f. 2r.

LoR 31

Copy, headed ‘A Songe’.

In: the MS described under LoR 13.5.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. poet. 153, f. 17v.

LoR 32

Copy, headed ‘His beinge in Prison’; the text followed (ff. 16v-17r) by ‘The Answer’ (beginning ‘When Cynthia's wrapt within my arms’).

In: the MS described under LoR 14. c.1640s-50s.

Edited from this MS (with the ‘Answer’) in Wilkinson, I, 51-2. Collated in Clayton.

British Library, Add. MS 22603, ff. 16r-v.

LoR 33

Copy, untitled.

In: A long narrow ledger-like volume (c.40 x 15 cm) of ballads and metrical romances, in a single predominantly secretary hand, 268 leaves, all mounted on guards, in modern half-morocco. Mid-17th century.

Later owned by Thomas Percy (1768-1808), Bishop of Dromore, writer and literary editor, and bearing copious annotations in his hand throughout, with a list by him at the end dated 20 December 1757.

This volume edited as Bishop Percy's Folio Manuscript, ed. John W. Hales and Frederick J. Furnivall, 4 vols (London, 1867-8). Re-edited by I. Gollancz, 4 vols (London, 1905-10). Facsimile example of f. 94r in Hilton Kelliher and Sally Brown, English Literary Manuscripts (British Library, 1986), No. 20, p. 31. Discussed, with five facsimile examples, in Joseph Donatelli, ‘The Percy Folio Manuscript: A Seventeenth-Century Context for Medieval Poetry’, EMS, 4 (1993), 114-33.

Reprinted from Hales & Furnivall in Wilkinson, I, 52-3. Collated in Clayton.

British Library, Add. MS 27879, ff. 95v-6r.

LoR 34

Copy, headed ‘Captaine Louelace in prison to his Althea’.

In: A quarto miscellany of verse and prose, in English, Latin and Greek, largely in one secretary hand, written from both ends, with indexes (ff. 2r-3r, 168r-v), 168 leaves, in contemporary limp vellum. Compiled by Sir John Perceval, Bt (1629-65), probably while at Magdalene College, Cambridge. Volume CXCII of the papers of the Perceval family, Earls of Egmont, and the allied Southwell family. c.1646-9.

British Library, Add. MS 47111, ff. 7v-8r.

LoR 35

Copy, headed ‘A coppy of verses of captaine Lovelace his making when he was in prison’.

In: A quarto miscellany of verse and some prose, predominantly in a single secretary hand, written from both ends, 179 leaves, in 19th-century half blue morocco gilt. c.1640s.

Inscribed (f. 179r) ‘This is Sr. Thomas Meres [or ? Maiors] Book’: i.e. probably Sir Thomas Meres (1634-1715), of Kirton, Lincolnshire. Later bookplate of the Rev. John Curtis. Purchased from Mrs Ann Austin Curtis 12 October 1889.

Edited from this MS in Wilkinson, I, 50; collated in Clayton.

British Library, Egerton MS 2725, f. 10r.

LoR 36

Copy, in a secretary hand, untitled, on a single folio leaf. c.1640s.

In: A folio composite volume of verse, entitled ‘Songs & Sonnetts’, in various hands, 84 leaves, in half morocco gilt. Among the collections of Randle Holme, probably the third of that name (1627-1700), herald.

Printed from this MS in Wilkinson, I, 54; collated in Clayton.

British Library, Harley MS 2127, f. 20r.

LoR 37

Copy, headed ‘Captaine Loueles made this poem in his duresse at the Gatehouse’.

In: A quarto verse miscellany, in three hands, including eight poems by Randolph (one twice), 102 leaves, in modern half-morocco gilt. Fols 1r-93v, 95r-100v in the hand of Peter Calfe (1610-67), son of a Dutch merchant in London (whose name is inscribed on a flyleaf: f. 1*); f. 94r-v in an unidentified hand, and ff. 101v-2r in that of Peter Calfe's son, Peter Calfe the Younger (d.1693). c.1650-9.

Later owned by John, Baron Somers (1651-1716), Lord Chancellor, and afterwards by Edward Harley (1689-1741), second Earl of Oxford. Inscribed (f. 1r) ‘Janu. 6. 1738/9’.

Cited in IELM, II.i-ii (1987-93), together with British Library, Harley MS 6917 with which it was once bound, as the ‘Calfe MS’: CwT Δ 18; KiH Δ 9; RnT Δ 4.

This MS collated in Wilkinson and in Clayton.

British Library, Harley MS 6918, ff. 94v-5r.

LoR 38

Copy, in a musical setting by John Wilson, untitled.

In: the MS described under LoR 9. Mid-late 17th century.

This MS collated in John P. Cutts, ‘Seventeenth-Century Songs and Lyrics in Edinburgh University Library Music MS. Dc. 1. 69’, MD, 13 (1959), 169-94 (p. 184).

Edinburgh University Library, MS Dc. 1. 69, p. 85.

LoR 39

Copy, headed ‘A Song’.

In: A sextodecimo pocket miscellany, ff. 3r-53r in a single hand, other hands and scribbling on ff. 1r-2r, 54v, 87v-90v, 90 leaves in all (including blanks ff. 55r-87r), in contemporary calf, with remains of clasps. Including 12 poems by Carew. c.1650s.

Inscribed ‘Richard Archard his booke Amen 1650’; ‘Richard Archard his penn Amen 1657’; ‘to Mr Satars[?] towads the Casting of ye lead 1657’; ‘Tho: Wise’; ‘John Smith of halmortaine and I…went to Thornebury’; and ‘Edward Watt’. Bookplate of William Harris Arnold.

Cited in IELM, II.i, as the ‘Archard MS’: CwT Δ 24.

Folger, MS V.a.124, f. 4r-v.

LoR 40

Copy, headed ‘Captaine Lovelace, to his Althea from Prison’.

In: A small quarto miscellany, in various hands, possibly compiled in part by one William Leigh, in modern leather. c.1650.

Inscribed (f. 1v) ‘Buckley 1772’. Acquired in 1950 from P.M. Mill. Formerly MS Leigh, William (?), comp., Commonplace Book (ca. 1650).

This volume offered in Maggs's sale catalogue No. 640 (1937), item 302.

University of Illinois, Pre-1650 MS 0177, pp. 4-5.

LoR 41

Copy, headed ‘Song. Id. ibid. see Percy. By Colonel Louelace’, transcribed from LoR 36.

In: A composite volume of transcripts of ballads made, from various printed and manuscript sources, by and for Robert Jamieson (1780?-1844) for his edition of Popular Ballads and Songs (Edinburgh, 1806). c.1800.

Owned in 1921 by George Neilson, then by Charles R. Cowie, and now in the John Cowie Collection.

Discussed in G. Neilson, ‘A Bundle of Ballads’, E&S, 7 (1921), 108-42.

This MS recorded in Neilson, ‘A Bundle of Ballads’, p. 114.

Mitchell Library, Glasgow, SR 241 308897, pp. 38-40 .

LoR 42

Copy, headed in different ink ‘Lovelace in prison’; the text followed (ff. 59v-60) by ‘The Answer’ (here beginning ‘When Cynthia lock't within my Armes’).

In: A quarto verse miscellany of Scottish provenance, chiefly in a single cursive hand, written from both ends, including some shorthand, inscribed (f. 1r) ‘Incept. March. 23. 1652/3.’, 190 leaves, in old brown calf gilt (rebacked). c.1653-64.

Purchased c.1798.

National Library of Scotland, Adv. MS 19.3.4, f. 59r-v.

LoR 43

Copy (words only).

In: the MS described under LoR 6. c.1630s-50s.

New York Public Library, Music Division, Drexel MS 4257, No. 214.

LoR 44

Copy, untitled.

In: A single folio leaf of verse, on both sides, in two hands. Mid-17th century.

This MS recorded by C.H. Wilkinson in TLS (14 August 1937), p. 592.

University of Nottingham, Pw V 310, f. 1v.

LoR 44.5

Copy, by Shenstone, based on LoR 33.

In: A volume entitled ‘A Collection of Poems Transcrib'd & Corrected from Original M.S.S. By W. Shenstone’ [(1714-63), poet]. c.1759.

Annotations by Thomas Percy (1729-1811), Bishop of Dromore, writer. Sotheby's, 29 April 1884 (Percy sale), lot 272.

Published as Shenstone's Miscellany 1759-1763, ed. I.A. Gordon (Oxford, 1952).

This MS edited in Ian A. Gordon's edition of Shenstone's Miscellany 1759-63 (Oxford, 1852), p. 67.

Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand, Shenstone Miscellany, pp. 125-6.

LoR 44.8

Copy, untitled.

In: the MS described under LoR 19.5. c.Late 1650s.

University College London, MS Ogden 42, pp. 74-5.

LoR 45

Copy, untitled.

In: the MS described under LoR 20. Mid-17th century-c.1702.

Facsimile example of this MS in Marlborough Rare Books, sale catalogue No. 45 (1961), item 21.

University of Texas at Austin, Ms (Killigrew, T) Works B Commonplace book, ff. 29v-30r.

LoR 45.5

Copy in: An octavo miscellany of verse and prose, in English, Latin and Greek, predominantly in a single hand, with 19th-century additions (pp. 195 onwards, at least partly from earlier MS sources), 279 pages, in contemporary calf. c.1644 (and later).

Inscribed (f. [ir]) ‘William Han: 1644’, probably by the academic compiler.

Yale, Osborn MS b 150, pp. 202-4.

LoR 46

Copy, untitled, here beginning ‘When Loue wth unconfined wrinkls’.

In: A duodecimo verse miscellany, in several hands, showing communal use, 161 pages (plus blanks), in contemporary calf. Late 17th century.

Formerly Chest II, No. 21.

Yale, Osborn MS b 213, pp. 58-9.

LoR 47

Copies in a musical setting by John Wilson, untitled and here beginning ‘Where Love with vnconfined wings’, the full lyrics appearing in 4/c.

In: Three oblong quarto music part books (4/a, 4/b, and 4/c), 103, 93, and 75 leaves (including numerous blanks) respectively, in contemporary calf gilt. Principally in a single hand, a second hand responsible for 4/b, ff. 17v-24v, and for 4/c, ff. 5r-12v; the collection largely copies of vocal trios that would appear in John Wilson's Cheereful Ayres (Oxford, 1660). Mid-17th century.

In a collection of MS music books associated with the Filmer family, baronets, of Kent, members of whom included the political philosopher Sir Robert Filmer (1588-1653), his brother Edward (d.1650, compiler of French Court Aires, 1628) and son Sir Edward (d.1668), and the playwright Edward Filmer (fl.1700).

Yale Music Library, Misc. MS 170, Filmer MS 4, 4/a f. 27v; 4/b f. 21v; 4/c ff. 26v-7r.

To Amathea (‘Still Amathea thou art fayre’)

See LoR 26.

To Ellinda. Upon his late recovery. A Paradox (‘How I grieve that I am well!’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), I, 90-1. (1930), pp. 99-100.

LoR 48

Copy, in Lawes's musical setting.

In: the MS described under LoR 4. Mid-17th century.

Facsimile of this MS in Wilkinson, II, facing p. 90, and in Willa McClung Evans, ‘Tormenting Fires’, MLQ, 9 (1948), 11-16 (facing p. 13).

British Library, Add. MS 53723, f. 159r.

To Fletcher reviv'd (‘How have I bin Religious? What strange good’)

First published in Beaumont and Fletcher, Comedies and Tragedies (London, 1647). Lucasta (London 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 53-5. (1930), pp. 59-61.

LoR 49

Copy in: A verse miscellany. c.1674.

Owned by Henry Bracegirdle, of Merton College, Oxford, and in 1674 by one Hugh Massey.

King's College, Cambridge, Hayward Collection, H. 11. 13, f. [27r].

To Lucasta. From Prison. An Epode (‘Long in thy Shackels, liberty’)

First published in Lucasta (London, 1649). Wilkinson (1925), II, 44-6. Wilkinson (1930), pp. 48-51.

LoR 50

Copy, headed ‘An Epode’ and beginning with the second stanza (here beginning ‘Before I doe begin to Love’).

In: the MS described under LoR 28.

Edited from this MS in Dosia Reichardt, ‘Some Unnoticed Lovelace Manuscripts’, N&Q, 247 (2002), 336-8.

Bodleian, MS Ashmole 36/37, f. 217r.

Tormenting Fires (‘O I am Sick, I am Sick to death, 'tis soe!’)

See LoR 7.

Documents

Document(s)

*LoR 51

Lovelace's autograph signature subscribing to the Articles of Religion on matriculating at Gloucester Hall [Worcester College], Oxford, 27 June 1634. 1634.

In: Oxford Subscription Register. 1615-38.

Facsimiles in Wilkinson (1925), I, xviii, and (1930), p. xix.

Oxford University Archives, S.P. 39, Register Ac, f. [185r].

*LoR 52

Autograph petition signed by Lovelace, to the House of Commons, for his release from the Gatehouse prison, on one side of an oblong quarto leaf, 17 June 1642. 1642.

Formerly House of Lords Record Office, Main Papers, H.L, 17 June 1642.

Recorded in HMC, 5th Report, p. 29. Facsimiles in Wilkinson (1925), I, facing p. xxxv, and in IELM, II.ii, Facsimile I, after p. xxi.

Parliamentary Archives, HL/PO/JO/10/1/125A.

*LoR 53

Signature on each of three membranes of an indenture relating to the sale of land in Bethersden and Halden to Richard Hulse, 10 March 1642/3. 1643.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U2035/T9 [item 1].

*LoR 54

Autograph signature, on an indenture appointing Isaac Hunt his attorney for the sale of land in Bethersden and Halden to Richard Hulse, 20 March 1642/3. 1643.

Discussed, with a facsimile of the signature, in James Roberts Brown, ‘Richard Lovelace and Bethersden’, Archæologia Cantiana, 23 (1898), 337-8. Recorded in Wilkinson (1925), I, xviii, and (1930), p. xix.

British Library, Add. MS 47354.

LoR 54.5

Scriveners' drafts, unsigned, of two legal documents involving Lovelace and Richard Hulse, 20 March 1642/3 and 20 August 1644 respectively. 1643-4.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U2035/T9-T10, unspecified items.

*LoR 55

Autograph signature, on an indenture for the sale to Richard Hulse of land ‘abutting on the Kinges high way leading from Lovelace greene or Gigghill to Biddenden towards the North’, 25 October 1644. 1644.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U2035/T8 [item 1].

*LoR 56

Autograph signature, on an indenture concerning the sale to Richard Hulse of land on the road from Bethersden to Biddenden East. 14 February 1644/5. 1645.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U2035/T10.

*LoR 57

Autograph signature, on an indenture between Lovelace and Mary and Thomas Cheeseman relating to the purchase of property at Smarden, 4 August 1645. 1645.

Discussed in the Rev. A.J. Pearman, ‘The Kentish Family of Lovelace’, Archæologia Cantiana, 10 (1876), 211.

British Library, Add. Ch. 61215.

*LoR 58

Autograph signature, on each of the three membranes of an indenture concerning the sale to Richard Hulse of land on the road from Bethersden to Biddenden East, 28 August 1645. 1645.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U2035/T11.

*LoR 59

Autograph signature, on an indenture concerning the sale of property to Richard Hulse, 10 October 1645. 1645.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U2035/T9 [item 2].

*LoR 60

Autograph signature, on an indenture, 29 March 1647. 1647.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U205/T17/1.

*LoR 61

Autograph signature on an indenture, 28 September 1647.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U205/T18/1.

*LoR 62

Autograph signature, on a receipt for payment of £300 by Richard Hulse, 1 February 1647[/8]. 1648.

Cited in Clarke, p. 362.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U2035/T8 [item 2].

*LoR 63

Autograph signature, on a document appointing Isaac Hunt as Lovelace's attorney for the sale of Mungeam farm to John Mungeam of Smarden, also signed by Lovelace's brother Dudley Posthumus Lovelace, 29 March 1647. 1647.

Phillips, 14 June 1990, lot 37, to Quaritch, with a reduced facsimile in the sale catalogue, after p. 20.

Cited in Clarke, p. 363.

Robert S. Pirie, New York, [Lovelace document].

*LoR 64

Lovelace's autograph signature, as witness to an agreement for a survey by Robert Warcupp of land at Goldor and Easington, leased by Magdalen College, Oxford, 26 March 1655. 1655.

In: A large folio guardbook of miscellaneous letters and documents, in various hands and paper sizes, 31 leaves, in modern half-morocco.

Sotheby's, 13 December 1993, lot 14 (unsold), with a facsimile of the signatures in the sale catalogue, and 19 July 1994, lot 20.

British Library, Add. MS 71245, L.

Books Inscribed by Lovelace

Aristotle. De arte rhetorica libri tres. Carlo Sigonio interprete (Venice, 1566)

*LoR 65

A printed exemplum inscribed ‘Richardus Lovelace me tenet, pret xxd’ and also, in another hand, ‘Ex dono nobilissimi juuenis Richardi Louelace’. c.1630s-40s?.

Maggs's sale catalogue No. 937 (Autumn 1971), item 90, with a facsimile of the inscribed title-page as Plate 8.

Recorded in Brian N. Lee, Early Printed Book Labels (London, 1976), p. xi.

Untraced, [Lovelace/Aristotle volume].

Clenardus, Nicolaus. Institutiones linguæ Græcæ (Leiden, 1626)

*LoR 66

A printed exemplum inscribed ‘Richard Louelace, 1630, March 5’, recorded as ‘supposed to be the autograph of the poet when a schoolboy’. c.1630s?.

Sotheby's, 18 May 1853 (Thomas Jolley sale), lot 297, to Bumstead.

Recorded in Hazlitt, p. 149, and in Wilkinson (1925), I, xviii, and (1930), p. xix.

Untraced, [Lovelace/Clenardus volume].