Samuel Butler (1612–1680)

Verse

Hudibras (‘Sir Hudibras his passing worth’)

Part I first published in London, ‘1663’ [i.e. 1662]. Part II published in London, ‘1664’ [i.e. 1663]. Part III published in London ‘1678’ [i.e. 1677]. the whole poem first published in London, 1684. Edited by John Wilders (Oxford, 1967).

BuS 0.1

Extracts.

In: A quarto miscellany, in several hands, written from both ends, 77 leaves, in contemporary calf gilt. Compiled by members of the Cartwright family, of Aynho, Northamptonshire, including (ff. 4r-7v) verse by William Cartwright (1634-76). Mid-17th century.

Inscribed names including ‘Will: Cartwright’, ‘Jo: Cartwright’, and ‘Katherin Cartwright’. Myers, sale catalogue No. 291 (1933), item 120.

Bodleian, MS Don. e. 6, f. 37r.

BuS 0.2

Extracts.

In: A quarto miscellany of verse and prose, i + 200 leaves (ff. 129-199 blank), in quarter-vellum over boards. Compiled by John Phillipps, of Exeter College, Oxford, and the Middle Temple, who has inscribed the front pastedown ‘John Phillipps. med: Temp: Lond: 1776’. c.1776-1804.

Acquired from Cumming of Exeter, 1941.

Bodleian, MS Eng. misc e. 241, f. 45r.

BuS 0.3

A six-line extract.

In: An octavo miscellany of poems, many on affairs of state and with Jacobite sympathies, in a single hand, with an index, iv + 182 pages, in vellum boards. c.1742.

Owned in 1742 by John Conyers, of Copt Hall, Essex. Pickering & Chatto, sale catalogue No. 353 (1953), item 490.

Bodleian, MS Eng. poet. e. 87, f. iiir.

BuS 0.4

A few notes on Hudibras by Lewis, based on the printed edition of 1744.

In: A folio composite volume of ecclesiastical papers, in various hands, 369 leaves, in contemporary calf. Early 18th century.

Compiled by, and partly in the hand of, the Rev. John Lewis (1675-1747), of Margate, antiquary.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. C. 412, f. 155r et seq.

BuS 0.5

Extracts, headed ‘Hudibras 1st Part Lond. 1663’.

In: A tall folio composite volume of commonplace-book notes and extracts, chiefly in the hand of John Evelyn the younger, on various paper sizes, 248 leaves, in modern half-morocco. Late 17th century.

Volume CCLXXVI of the Evelyn Papers. Formerly Christ Church, Oxford, Evelyn MS 281.

British Library, Add. MS 78448, f. 193v.

BuS 0.6

Extract.

In: A quarto notebook of verse and prose, in English, Latin and French, in several hands over a period, much in a small cursive hand, 50 leaves, in quarter-morocco gilt. Probably compiled in part by Edmund Killingworth (of Winchester College and New College, Oxford). Late 17th-early 18th century.

Discussed in Hilton Kelliher, ‘Dryden Attributions and Texts from Harley MS. 6054’, BLJ, 25.1 (Spring 1999), pp. 1-22, with facsimiles of ff. 20r and 27r on pp. 4 and 10.

British Library, Harley MS 6054, f. 36r.

BuS 0.7

Extracts.

In: Miscellany. Late 17th-18th centuries.

British Library, Sloane MS 1983, f. 78r.

BuS 0.8

Extracts.

In: A quarto verse miscellany, largely in one hand, with additions by others, written from both ends, material at the reverse end dated 1708-9, ii + 114 leaves, in 19th-century half-calf. Inscribed (f. [iir]), probably by the compiler, ‘Ex Libris Georgij Wright [b.1685/6] Sti Johannis Collegis Cantabrigiensis Alumni, Decimo quarto Junij. Annoq. Domini 1703’. c.1703-9.

Also inscribed (f.[iir]) ‘Mrs Frances Wright 1708’. A postal address on f. 95r (rev.) reads: ‘Direct to Margtt Borrett att Mrs. Borretts In Kirkby=stephen Westmoorland p brough bag _ These’.

Recorded in IELM, II.ii, as the Wright MS: WaE Δ 12.

Edinburgh University Library, MS Dc. 3. 76, ff. 64r, 66v, 67v-8r, 72r, 75r.

BuS 0.9

Extract.

In: An octavo miscellany of verse and prose, in at least two cursive hands, written largely on rectos only, unfoliated, c.90 leaves (plus numerous blanks), in contemporary calf. c.1700.

Inscribed inside the lower cover ‘Will Graves/Memoranda’. Thomas Thorpe, ‘Catalogue of upwards of fourteen hundred manuscripts’ (1836). Afterwards owned by Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bt (1792-1872), book and manuscript collector: Phillipps MS 9621. Sotheby's, 17 May 1897 (Phillipps sale), lot 627. Donated in 1937 by Leicester Bradner. Formerly MS Vault, Section 10, Drawer 3 Commonplace book.

Yale, Gen MSS Vol. 339, f. [42r].

BuS 1

Copy of Part II.

In: A copy of ‘Hudibras’, in a single cursive hand, 100 octavo pages, in modern boards. Late 17th century.

Edinburgh University Library, MS La. III. 800, pp. 1-99.

BuS 1.1

Extracts, headed ‘Some of Hudibras's Verses’.

In: An octavo miscellany of verse and drama, largely in a single small cursive hand, with later additions by one or two hands after p. 142, 185 pages (including blanks) plus a tipped-in leaf at the end, in brown calf. Late 17th century.

Sotheby's, 13 June 1870, lot 157, to James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps (1820-89), literary scholar and book collector; thence, on 5 July 1870, to Warwick Castle Library. Formerly Folger MS 3.4.

Folger, MS V.a.85, pp. 165-80.

BuS 1.2

Extracts, in double columns.

In: A quarto verse miscellany, largely in two neat mixed hands, with subsequent additions in other hands, 32 leaves, in modern half crushed morocco. Probably compiled in Scotland by members of the Rutherford family. c.1680-1710.

Inscribed (f. 1r) ‘Mr Gideon Rutherford’ and ‘Jean Rutherford’, and (ff. 11v-13v) including a poem on ‘John Reutherfoord’. Acquired in 1924 from Maggs Bros.

Briefly discussed in Marcia Allentuck, An Unpublished Commonplace Book of Scottish Interest in the Folger Shakespeare Library, SSL, 7, No. 4 (April 1970), 270-1.

Folger, MS V.a.255, f. 23r.

BuS 1.3

MS of ‘Hudibras: a drama, founded on the Poem of Butler’, in a single hand, with some apparent revisions, 14 + 131 large quarto pages, on rectos only, in stiff paper wrappers. 19th century.

Harvard, MS Eng 1132.

BuS 1.4

Copy of Cantos 1-3, 116 octavo pages, with a drawing on the paste-down of the hero on horseback. Late 17th century.

Huntington, HM 53345.

BuS 1.5

Extracts.

In: A quarto miscellany of verse and prose, chiefly in one cursive hand, written from both ends, 271 leaves (including numerous blanks), in contemporary vellum boards. c.1700.

Leeds University Library, Brotherton Collection, MS Lt 48, f. 41r.

BuS 1.6

A Latin translation of extracts from the work.

In: A duodecimo miscellany of verse, on affairs of state etc., and prose, including Latin academic exercises, in a single small hand, compiled by an Oxford University man, written from both ends, iii + 87 leaves, in old morocco. c.1670s.

Bookplate of Arthur Ashpitel, FSA, and bequeathed by him 1869.

Society of Antiquaries, MS 330, f. 55v rev.

BuS 1.7

Extracts.

In: A commonplace book compiled by Richard Porson (1758-1805). c.1780.

University of Chicago, MS 639, p. 84.

BuS 1.8

Extracts.

In: A duodecimo miscellany of chiefly Restoration verse and drama, including thirteen poems by Waller and also extracts from 45 poems by Donne, the greater part in a single neat hand (also responsible for Cambridge University Library, MS Add. 4146), 241 pages (plus blanks). c.1690-1700.

Inscribed (on front pastedown and f. 133r) by one Peter Save and, in 1743, by one Joseph Butler.

Cited in IELM, II.ii (1993), as the ‘Save MS’: WaE Δ 13.

University of Illinois, 821.08/C737/17—, ff. 32v-40r.

BuS 2

Copy of twelve lines, in the hand of John Aubrey, headed ‘Hudibras unprinted’ and beginning ‘No Jesuite ever took in hand’, preceded by Aubrey's note (intended for Anthony Wood) ‘Insert in vita Sam. Butler his verses of the Jesuites, not printed, which I gave to you about 12 or 14’, on a single octavo leaf.

In: A folio composite autograph manuscript of the first part of Brief Lives by John Aubrey (1626-97), 121 largely folio leaves, in vellum within modern boards. c.1679/80-1681.

These lines first pub. (from this MS) in the anonymous ‘Life’ of Butler in Hudibras (London, 1704), sig. a8v. Also edited from this MS in John Aubrey, Brief Lives, ed. Andrew Clark, 2 vols (Oxford, 1898), I, 137. The lines correspond, albeit in a redacted form, to a passage in Butler's autograph ‘additions’ to Hudibras in BuS 5 (f. 80).

Bodleian, MS Aubrey 6, f. 115r.

BuS 2.5

Extracts.

In: A formal folio miscellany of verse and prose, in English and Latin, chiefly on affairs of state, in a single professional hand, individual items dated as late as 1697, 286 pages. c.late 1690s.

University of Minnesota, MS 690235f, p. 177.

BuS 3

Copy of twelve untitled lines beginning ‘No Jesuit e'er took in hand’, subscribed ‘S Butler’, followed by Latin versions of three brief passages subscribed ‘Translated by Dr [John] Hanmar [1594?-1670] Greek profess: Oxon’.

In: the MS described under BuS 1. Late 17th century.

Edinburgh University Library, MS La. III. 800, p. [101].

To the Happy Memory Of the most Renown'd Du-Val (‘'Tis true, to compliment the Dead’)

First published in London, 1671. Thyer (1759), I, 145-54. Lamar, pp. 97-103.

BuS 4

Copy, on six pages of four folio leaves. Late 17th century.

Yale, Gen MSS Misc Group 1218, Item F-1.

Verse and Prose

Remains

*BuS 5

A collection of numerous autograph drafts and fair copies bound together (somewhat irregularly) on different sizes and foldings of paper, the majority folio, now all mounted on guards; containing approximately 15,700 lines of verse and a thousand passages of prose averaging about ninety words per passage; including (ff. 2-82) verse passages, usually written in double columns, under a series of headings (some occurring more than once), principally: ‘Wit & Folly’, ‘Modern War’, ‘Cowardise’, ‘Nature’, ‘Learning’, ‘Bookes & Schooles’, ‘Truth’, ‘Conscience’, ‘Love’, ‘Honor’, ‘Magique’, ‘Astrology’, ‘War’, ‘Religion’, ‘Marriag’, ‘Chymistry’, ‘Hope’, ‘Government’, ‘Custome’, ‘Cruelty’, ‘Arts & Sciences’, ‘Antiquity’, ‘Popery’, ‘Opinion’, ‘Folly’, ‘The Burning of the Rump’, ‘The Moon’, ‘Trade’, ‘Time’, ‘Stinke’, ‘Art’, ‘Treachery’, ‘Gluttony’,‘Absurdities’, ‘Fortune’, ‘Feare’, ‘Wit’, ‘Pride’, ‘Virtuoso’, ‘Friendship’, ‘Treachery’, ‘Law’, ‘The world’, ‘Fanatiques’, ‘Theft’, ‘The Populace’, ‘Rabble’, ‘Women’, ‘Poetry’, ‘History’, ‘Nonsense’, ‘Learning & Devotion’, ‘Injustice’, ‘Avarice’, ‘Vice’, ‘Wealth’, ‘Lust’, ‘Writers’, ‘Physique’, ‘Zeal’, ‘Courage’, ‘Numbers’, ‘The Sea’, ‘Prelates’, ‘Infancy’, ‘Vulgarity and Morality’; together with some verse ‘Additions to Hudibras’ (f. 79), a verse fragment ‘On Phil Nyes thanksgiving Beard’ (ff. 83v-3), a draft passage originally for Hudibras, Book III, canto iii (f. 139), a ballad (ff. 84v-5) and other verse satires and fragments (ff. 85v, 86v-7, 88-9, 90-138v, 217v); also with drafts of two letters by Butler to a gentleman, 28 June [no year], and to his sister[-in-law], [no date] (ff. 1-86); a series of draft prose satires, observations and reflections (on ff. 84, 87v, 89v, 144-217, 218-36v) on subjects similar to his verse observations, including:

‘Antiquaries’, ‘Religion’, ‘Law’, ‘Government’, ‘Learning & Knowledge’, ‘Truth & Falsehood’, ‘Wit & Folly’, ‘Ignorance’, ‘Reason’, ‘Virtue & Vice’, ‘Opinion’, ‘Nature’, ‘History’, ‘Physique’, ‘Princes & Government’, ‘Criticisms upon Bookes & Authors’ (ff. 196-205), and ‘Contradictions’, together with other prose passages, including five Characters (‘Bankrupt’, ‘War’, ‘A Horse-corser’, ‘Church-warden’ and ‘Covetous Man’, on ff. 235-6v, 230-1v); some prose notes and lists on ff. 141-3v added later by John Clarke (1743/4-89); these papers forming a portion of those bequeathed by Butler to William Longueville (1639-1721) and containing some marginal notes in Longueville's hand; later used by Robert Thyer (1709-81), who has added pencil crosses in the margin to denote passages he wished to transcribe (see BuS 6).

In: A folio composite volume of Butler's papers, almost entirely autograph, 236 leaves. c.late 1660s-70s.

Sotheby's, 19 November 1885 (stock of the bookseller F.S. Ellis), lot 803.

Most of this MS edited, at various times, in re-arranged selections, in Thyer (1759, and also editions of 1822 and 1827) [viz. verse, including ‘additions to Hudibras’]; in Waller (1908) [viz. Characters and most of the verse and some prose]; and in De Quehen, Prose (1979), pp. 1-246 [viz. Characters, letters and miscellaneous prose]. The MS discussed notably in De Quehen, Editing and Prose (esp. pp. xxxix-xlvii).

Facsimile examples of ff. 1 and 139 in Greg, English Literary Autographs, plate LX; of f. 139 in Croft, Autograph Poetry, I, 49; of f. 196 in Garnett & Gosse (1903), III, 144; of f. 202v in De Quehen, Editing, p. 80 (plate V); of ff. 235 and 202v in De Quehen, Prose, after p. xxxviii; of f. 79r in IELM, II.i (1987), Facsimile IV, after p. xxiv; of ff. 79r, 139r, 202v and 235r in DLB, 126 (1993), pp. 30-2; and of f. 79r and one of the draft letters in Chris Fletcher, et al., 1000 Years of English Literature: A Treasury of Literary Manuscripts (British Library, [2000]), pp. 78-9.

British Library, Add. MS 32625, The MS as a whole.

BuS 6

Folio, 154 leaves; composite volume of selective transcripts of, and systematically, arranged extracts from, Butler's autograph literary remains in verse and prose. Folio, 154 leaves; composite volume of selective transcripts of, and systematically, arranged extracts from, Butler's autograph literary remains in verse and prose, made by Robert Thyer (1709-91); a substantial part transcribed from BuS 5; much, principally 66 prose Characters (ff. 82-147v), transcribed from Butler's ‘lost’ MSS; this MS retained by Thyer and not given to the publisher to be edited in his Genuine Remains (1759); including (f. 2) a letter by Jacob Tonson, 8 January 1756, discussing the printing of Thyer's forthcoming edition, other related notes by Thyer, and (ff. 150-4) lists of Butler's MSS in his possession. c.1750s.

Sold in the Ellis sale at Sotheby's, 19 November 1885, in lot 803.

The Characters in this MS edited in Waller (1908), pp. 197-267, and in Daves (1970, pp. 247-319). The MS briefly discussed in De Quehen, Editing and Prose, passim.

British Library, Add. MS 32626.

*BuS 7

Quarto MS volume originally used by Butler comprising his autograph English-French dictionary and transcripts of a large amount of miscellaneous verse and prose from Butler's autograph MSS. 4°, 184 leaves; MS volume originally used by Butler, the first 81 leaves (after preliminaries: i.e. ff. [iv-lxxxiv]) comprising his autograph English-French dictionary, arranged alphabetically from A to L in double columns; the volume bequeathed to William Longueville (1639-1721) and the remaining blank leaves subsequently used by him as a commonplace book, incorporating, together with notes and extracts from other works, his selective transcripts of a large amount of miscellaneous verse and prose from Butler's autograph MSS; transcribed partly from BuS 5 (about 250 passages of prose and some verse), partly from ‘lost’ MSS (about 180 passages of prose and some verse); consisting of approximately 430 prose passages (including a few Characters), together with a number of verse passages, under the following headings: ‘France and the French’, ‘Creacon’, ‘Antiquity & Antiquary’, ‘Vnderstanding’, ‘Wisdome’, ‘Assent’, ‘Writing’, ‘Learning’, ‘ye Soule’, ‘Poetry’, ‘Sin’, ‘Content’, ‘Anger’, ‘Cheating’, ‘Flattery’, ‘Misfortunes’, ‘Confidence’, ‘Lawyer’, ‘Law’, ‘Dueller’, ‘Thoughts’, ‘Life & Death’, ‘Death’, ‘Charity’, ‘Nature’, ‘Censure’, ‘Schoolmaster’, ‘ye People’, ‘ye King’, ‘Incongruous & Inconsistent Opinions’, ‘Marriage & women,’‘Obstinacy’, ‘ffaith’, ‘Drunkennesse’, ‘Idolatry’, ‘Reputation’, ‘Honour’, ‘Gratitude’, ‘Patria’, ‘Pleasure’, ‘Punishmt’, ‘Parents’, ‘Power’, ‘Pope’, ‘God’, ‘Popery’, ‘Priests’, ‘Preaching’, ‘Oppressor’, ‘Virtue and vice’, ‘Example’, ‘Ingenuity & Witt’, ‘Tragedy of Nero’ [i.e. extracts from the anonymous tragedy published in 1624], ‘History’, ‘Madnesse’, ‘Words’, ‘Governmt disorderd’, ‘Warr’, ‘Princes’, ‘Riches’, ‘ye World’, ‘Conversation’, ‘Patience’, ‘Pride’, ‘Lying’, ‘Love’, ‘Honesty’, ‘Truth’, ‘Talke’, ‘Prophesy’, ‘Religion’, ‘Christian Religion’, ‘Jews’, ‘Reformation’, ‘Atheist’, ‘Man’, ‘Immoderate desire of Knowledge’, ‘Passion’, ‘Reason’, ‘Conscientia’ and ‘Conscience’. c.1640s [-18th century].

This volume bequeathed to William Longueville (1639-1721); later owned by Treadway Russell Nash (1725-1811), whose inscription of provenance is inside the upper cover; by his son-in-law John Somers Cocks, first Earl Somers (1760-1841); by P.J. and A.E. Dobell (in 1930); and by A.S.W. Rosenbach (item 135 in his catalogue [45] English Poetry to 1700 (1941); re-offered as item 130 in his catalogue [37] of 1947.

This MS is presumably that once (erroneously) described by Rosenbach as ‘Hudibras. The Original Manuscript. An early version’ in his [54] Catalogue of an Exhibition of Manuscripts and Rare Books January — February 1931, p. 15). This MS (once mistakenly believed to be in Butler's hand throughout) discussed and some passages edited by Norma E. Bentley in ‘Another Butler Manuscript’, MP, 46 (1948-9), 132-5, and in ‘“Hudibras” Butler Abroad’, MLN, 60 (1945), 254-9, and by De Quehen in Prose (esp. pp. lv-lx); also described in Nash (1793), I, xvi-xvii. Selected passages edited from this MS in Daves, pp. 329-30, and in De Quehen, Prose, pp. 247-303.

Facsimiles of ff. [94v-5r] (ff. 9v-10 of second foliation) in Clive E. Driver, A Selection from our Shelves: Books, manuscripts and drawings from the Philip H. & A.S.W. Rosenbach Foundation Museum (Philadelphia, 1973), No. 45; of f. [1r] in De Quehen, Prose (frontispiece); and of f. 2r in DLB, 126 (1993), p. 36. Facsimile of two lines of verse [by Thomas Otway] also in Nash, I, xxxix.

Rosenbach Museum & Library, MS 243/8.

BuS 8

A notebook of verse remains of Butler, copied in a professional hand, with corrections and insertions in the hand of the lawyer William Longueville (1639-1721), on c.20 folded folio leaves, in marbled wrappers. Late 17th-early 18th century.

Evidently owned by the librarian Robert Thyer (1709-81), and among papers of the Thyer, Hale, Killer and Bellot families. Bequeathed by Professor Hugh Hale Bellot, 1969.

Discussed in David Parkes, ‘Documents relating to Samuel Butler (1613-1680)’, N&Q, 238 (September 1993), 324-5.

John Rylands University Library of Manchester, Bellot Papers, Box 11/22.

Letters and Documents

Letter(s)

*BuS 9

Autograph draft of a letter by Butler, to an unidentified gentleman, 28 June [no year], and to his sister[-in-law], [no date] (ff. 1, 86).

In: the MS described under BuS 5. c.late 1660s-70s.

Edited (with BuS 9.5) in De Quehen, Prose, pp. 242-4. Facsimile of the signed subscription in John Thane, British Autography (1793 etc.), Vol. III.

British Library, Add. MS 32625, f. 1r.

*BuS 9.5

Autograph draft of a letter by Butler, to his sister[-in-law], [no date].

In: the MS described under BuS 5. c.late 1660s-70s.

Edited (with BuS 9) in De Quehen, Prose, pp. 242-4.

British Library, Add. MS 32625, f. 86r.

BuS 10

Copy of a letter by Butler, about Hudibras, to Sir George Oxenden, president of the East India Company, 19 March 1662/3, originally accompanying a corrected presentation printed exemplum of the First Part of the poem.

The original letter cannot be found among Oxenden papers in the Centre for Kentish Studies, the Folger, and the India Office. 1663.

In: A letterbook, belonging to Sir George Oxenden, president of the East India Company.

Edited, with related correspondence in the letter-book, in Ricardo Quintana, ‘The Butler-Oxenden Correspondence’, MLN, 48 (1933), 1-11, and also in Hudibras, ed. John Wilders (Oxford, 1967), pp. 450-1.

British Library, Add. MS 40711, ff. 13v-14r.

Document(s)

*BuS 11

A four-line autograph subscription signed by Butler as secretary to the second Duke of Buckingham, probably in June 1673, at the foot of a petition for a fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge, sent to Buckingham by Edward Bathurst. 1673.

National Archives, Kew, SP 29/336/45.

Books Allegedly Owned or Annotated by Butler

Davila, Henrico Caterino. The Continuation and Conclusion of the Civil Warres of France (London, 1648)

BuS 12

Allegedly Butler's printed exemplum, described as containing ‘his autograph inscription on [the] title-page, “Liber Samueli Butleri, An. Dom. 1667”, and, on the fly-leaf, the inscription “Samuell Butler his Book, 1667”.’

Inscribed in another hand ‘Henry Spurway bought this book of Sam. Butler, Anno. 1669, pr. 15s.’. Pickering & Chatto's A Catalogue of Old and Rare Books, [c.1910?], item 1546.

Untraced, [Davila volume].

Smith, Sir Thomas. Thomae Smithi Angli de Republica Anglorum lib. iii (Leiden, 1630)

BuS 13

Alleged ‘autograph of “Samuel Butler His Booke”’, in a 32mo volume.

Originally accompanying BuS 5 when sold at Sotheby's, 19 November 1885, as item 9 in lot 803, to Quaritch.

Untraced, [Smith volume].

Related Documents

Editorial and Copyright Papers

BuS 14

Copy of Zachary Grey's publishing agreement of 26 July 1743 for his edition of Hudibras. 1743.

In: A composite volume of letters and papers of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), philosopher and reformer, 348 leaves. Volume XVIII of the Bentham Papers.

British Library, Add. MS 33554, f. 245r.

BuS 15

Two autograph letters signed by Zachary Grey concerning his edition of Hudibras and agreement with booksellers, dated 11 October 1742 and 9 March 1742/3. 1742-3.

In: A folio composite volume of letters and papers, iii + 192 leaves, in half modern calf. Volume DXVII of the Evelyn Papers. Formerly Christ Church, Oxford, Evelyn MS 3 (William Upcott vol.).

Formerly Christ Church, Oxford, Evelyn MS 4, Vol. ii, Nos. 17-18.

British Library, Add. MS 78684, ff. 28r, 292r.

BuS 15.5

A Royal Warrant, drawn up by John Berkenhead and signed by Charles II, granting Butler sole rights of republishing any part of Hudibras, 10 September 1677. 1677.

In: A composite volume of miscellaneous and historical letters and papers, collected by Thomas Birch (1705-66), biographer and historian.

The text of this is printed in Samuel Butler, Hudibras, ed. Treadway Russell Nash, 3 vols (London, 1793), I, viii.

British Library, Add. MS 4293, f. 7r.

BuS 16

MS of critical, historical and explanatory notes upon Hudibras by way of supplement to the two editions published in the years 1744 and 1745 by the editor Zachary Grey (1688-1766), ‘…to which is prefixed A dissertation upon burlesque poetry by the late learned and ingenious Montagu Bacon…1752’ c.1752.

Clark Library, Los Angeles, G8455M3 G934.

BuS 17

Copy of a commentary on Hudibras by the Rev. Zachary Grey (1688-1766), writer, in a neat rounded hand, on pp. 21-71 in a large quarto volume of ii + 76 pages, in old calf. With a title-page: ‘Critical, Historical, and Explanatory Notes upon Hudibras by Way of Supplement to the Two Editions published in the Years 1744 and 1745. By Zachary Grey. LL D. To which is prefixed A Dissertation upon Burlesque Poetry [&c.]...1752’. 1752.

Inscribed inside the cover ‘M A Slaney’.

Grey's notes on Hudibras derived from William Warburton (1698-1779), Bishop of Cloucesters, who was not pleased with his use of them in Grey's edition of the work in 1744-5. His ‘supplement’ was published in 1752.

Clark Library, Los Angeles, MS 1945.003.

BuS 18

A receipt by W. Johnston for £2 5s from J. Lounds for a share of the copyright of Hudibras, on an oblong octavo leaf, 9 February 1757. 1757.

In: A folio guardbook comprising ‘Original Assignments of Copy-rights of Books and other Literary Agreements between various Publishers, from 1712 to 1822: collected by William Upcott [(1779-1845), antiquary and autograph collector] of the London Institution. 1825’, in various hands and paper sizes, i + 207 leaves.

British Library, Add. MS 38730, f. 95r.

Apocryphal Verse and Prose

Dildoides (‘Such a sad Tale prepare to hear’)

Dated in some sources 1672 but not published until 1706.

BuS 19

Copy, as ‘supposed written by Sr Charles Sidley’.

In: A large folio formal miscellany of verse and prose, in a single rounded hand throughout, the margins ruled in red, and with an alphabetical index (pp. 719-21), 738 pages (pp. 722-38 blank), plus 40 pages of preliminary inserted material, in contemporary elaborately tooled leather. Including thirteen poems and a mock-speech in the Marvell canon and eleven poems by Rochester, as well as apocryphal items, compiled — in stages, probably for the most part in chronological sequence, over a period of up to fifteen years — by Sir William Haward (or Hawarde or Hayward) of Tandridge, Surrey (his signature, dated 21 January 1676/7, on p. 66). c.1667-82 [the poems by Marvell and Rochester c.1670s].

Sir William Haward was knighted in 1643, served as a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Charles I, Charles II, James II and William III, was M.P. for Bletchingley (1661-78), a Fellow of the Royal Society (1665) and a Commissioner for the Sale of Fee Farm Rents (1670 onwards); he lived sometime in Scotland Yard and was still living in 1702 (see, inter alia, W. Paley Baildon, The Hawardes of Tandridge Co. Surrey (London, 1894), pp. 23-31). John Evelyn described him as ‘a greate pretender to English antiquities &c:’. An autograph letter by him, dated 23 March 1688/9, is in the British Library (Add. MS 29563, f. 453).

Later owned by Peter Le Neve (1661-1729), by his wife Frances Le Neve (signature on p. vii), by their servant Joseph Allen, who entered additional items in 1729, and by her second husband Thomas Martin (1697-1771) of Palgrave. Later in the library of the Aston family of Tixall, Staffordshire (and sold in the Tixall sale at Sotheby's, 7 November 1899, lot 430 to Bertram Dobell (1842-1914)). Afterwards owned by George Thorn-Drury (1860-1931) and sold in 1935 by P.J. Dobell.

The Marvell canon selectively collated in Margoliouth and in POAS, I and II and the Rochester canon selectively collated in Vieth and in Walker. See also Paul Hammond, ‘The Dating of Three Poems by Rochester from the Evidence of Bodleian MS. Don. b. 8’, BLR, 11 (1982), 58-9.

Facsimile of p. 277 in POAS, I, facing p. 228 (see MaA 98).

Bodleian, MS Don. b. 8, pp. 194-7.

BuS 20

Copy in: A folio miscellany of poems on affairs of state entitled A Choice Collection of Poems, Lampoons, Satyrs &ca, xx + 412 pages (339-411 blank). c.1700.

Among the collections of Sir Charles Harding Firth (1857-1936), historian.

This MS collated in POAS, I.

Bodleian, MS Firth c. 15, pp. 3-10.

BuS 21

Copy in: A quarto miscellany of poems on affairs of state, in six chiefly professional hands, 124 leaves (plus numerous blanks) and including, ff. 123r-4r, two tipped-in octavo leaves, in modern half red crushed morocco on cloth boards gilt. c.1710.

British Library, Harley MS 6914, 11v-15v.

BuS 22

Copy in: A folio miscellany of poems on affairs of state, in a single professional hand, 151 pages (plus 128 blank pages), with a table of contents (f. 1*r), in modern half crushed morocco on cloth boards gilt. End of 17th century.

British Library, Harley MS 7312, pp. 90-5.

BuS 23

Copy, dated ‘1675’.

In: A large quarto miscellany of poems chiefly on affairs of state, entitled Collection of Choice Poemes, in a single neat hand, with a ‘Catalogue’ of contents (ff. 382v-6v), 387 leaves, in half brown morocco gilt. c.1703.

Note of purchase (f. 1r) ‘pd - 6 - 9 -/ April 24 1703’.

British Library, Harley MS 7319, ff. 7r-11r.

BuS 24

Copy in: A bundle of unbound verse MSS, in various hands.

Among papers of the Sackville and Cranfield families, Earls of Dorset and of de la Warr, of Knole Park, Kent.

Recorded in HMC, 4th Report (1874), Appendix, pp. 303-4.

Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, U269 F36, [unnumbered].

BuS 25

Copy in: A long, narrow, ledger-size composite miscellany of poems on affairs of state, 112 pages (some misnumbered and pp. 45-6 excised), in 19th-century calf gilt. A compendium of several separate collections of poems, each with its general heading, including nineteen poems by the Earl of Rochester, copied in a single hand, that of Robert Mylne (1643?-1747), antiquary. c.1680s-1700s.

Recorded and selectively collated in Vieth and in Walker. Recorded in IELM, II.ii as the Edinburgh MS: RoJ Δ 6.

Edinburgh University Library, MS Dc. 1. 3/1, pp. 54-6.

BuS 26

Copy in: A folio miscellany of poems chiefly on affairs of state, entitled A Collection of Poems, including 27 poems by Rochester (all ascribed to him), xii + 299 pages (plus a number of blanks), including a table of contents, in contemporary calf (rebacked). In a single professional hand but for a few later additions at the very end (pp. 295-8, with some pages tipped-in). c.1690s.

Recorded in IELM, II.ii as the Harvard MS: RoJ Δ 7.

Harvard, fMS Eng 636, pp. 267-74.

BuS 27

Copy in: An unbound collection of poems chiefly of a bawdy nature or on affairs of state (including a number in the Rochester and apocryphal Rochester canon), in a non-professional hand, possibly derived at least in part from printed sources, 29 folio leaves. c.1700.

Among the papers of the Turner family of Kirkleatham.

North Yorkshire Record Office, ZK MIC 1275/9785, ff. [7r-8v].

BuS 29

Copy in: A formal folio miscellany of poems on affairs of state, including eleven by Rochester and Sodom, as well as apocryphal items, probably in a single professional hand, 444 leaves (including a six-leaf index). c.1690s.

Cited in IELM, II.ii as the Vienna MS: RoJ Δ 12. Discussed in Rudolf Brotanek, ‘Beschreibung der Handschrift 14090 (Supplement 1776) der Nationalbibliothek in Wien’, in Festschrift der Nationalbibliothek in Wien (Vienna, 1926), 145-62. Recorded and selectively collated in Vieth and in Walker.

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Cod. 14090, ff. 63-6.

BuS 30

Copy, headed ‘Dildoides. By the Author of Hudibras, 1673’.

In: A folio miscellany of poems on affairs of state, in a single professional rounded hand, entitled ‘A Collection of Choyce Poems, Lampoons, and Satyrs from 1673 to 1689. Never Extant in Print’, 335 pages (plus a Table of contents and blanks), in modern red morocco. c.1690s.

In the collection of Robert H. Taylor (1908-85), American book and manuscript collector. Formerly Restoration poetry MS 2.

This MS collated in POAS, I.

Princeton, RTC01 No. 35, pp. 1-7.

BuS 31

Copy in: A large octavo verse miscellany, chiefly lampoons and poems on affairs of state, including 21 poems by Rochester and various others in the Rochester apocrypha, nearly 600 pages in all, with a 14-page index. Written in a single hand which can be identified as that of the Scottish pasquil-writer and antiquary Robert Mylne (1643?-1747), who was also responsible for RoJ Δ 6. c.1705.

Private owners in the UK, Mylne MS, pp. 174-8.

BuS 32

Copy, headed ‘Dildoides A Burlesque Poem by Lemuel Butler Gent’.

In: A quarto formal verse anthology entitled The Whimsical Medley or A Miscellaneous Collection of severall Pieces in Prose & Verse [etc.], in a single stylish italic hand, with a tipped-in six-leaf table of contents, bound in three volumes, also incorporating printed pamphlets, 217 + 232 + 216 leaves (plus blanks), each volume in contemporary calf gilt. Compiled by Theophilus Butler (1669-1723), first Baron Newtown of Newtown-Butler, book collector. c.1720.

Old pressmark I. 5. 1-3.

Trinity College, Dublin, MS 879, Vol. I, ff. 160r-2r.

BuS 33

Copy in: A large folio miscellany of poems on affairs of state, entitled A Collection of Poems and Lampoons &ca Not yet Edited, in a single professional rounded hand (the same as in University of Nottingham, Pw V 43 and University of Nottingham, Pw V 44), 461 pages plus an eight-page ‘Table’ of contents, in contemporary blind-stamped calf. c.1705.

University of Nottingham, Pw V 42, pp. 4-13.

BuS 34

Copy in: A folio miscellany of poems on affairs of state, in a single professional hand, in two volumes: Vol. I, including twelve poems by Rochester and Sodom, as well as apocryphal item, spp. 1-461 (plus index); Vol. II, pp. 462-842 (with irregularities of pagination). This MS is closely related to Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Cod. 14090. c.1690s-1700.

Later owned by Alexander Dyce (1798-1869), literary scholar and editor, who records that £50 ‘was given by Perry, for these 2 volumes’.

Cited in IELM, II.ii (1993), as the Dyce MS: RoJ Δ 15.

Victoria and Albert Museum, Dyce MS 43 (Pressmark Dyce 25.F.37-38), pp. 113-119.

BuS 35

Extracts.

In: A composite collection of separate copies of English verse, 64 folio and quarto pages. Assembled by the traveller Lorenzo Magalotti (1637-1712). Late 17th century.

Sotheby's, 19 July 1966, lot 518.

Yale, Osborn MS fb 66, No. 32.

BuS 36

Copy in: A folio composite volume of poems on affairs of state, 319 pages, disbound. Late 17th century.

This MS owned in 1682 by Narcissus Luttrell (1657-1732). Later Phillipps MS 8301 and ‘Osborn MS. Chest II, Number 52’.

Yale, Osborn MS fb 70, ff. 49r-50v.

Mercurius Menippeus

A satire first published in 1682 with the subtitle ‘The Loyal Satyrist, or, Hudibras in Prose’. Almost certainly written by Thomas Winyard (or Winnard or Winwood), Fellow of St John's College, Oxford: see De Quehen, RES, (1982), 274-5, and Lamar, pp. 347-65. Before its re-publication in Butler's Posthumous Works, it was heavily doctored with interpolated Hudibrastic verses.

BuS 37

Copy of the original version.

In: A quarto miscellany of poems on affairs of state, in a single neat hand, iv + 248 pages, imperfect at the end, in contemporary calf. Compiled by an Oxford University man. End of 17th century.

Sold by J.W. Jarvis & Sons, 5 December 1888.

Bodleian, MS Eng. poet. e. 4, pp. 125-41.

BuS 38

Copy of the original version, dated April 1649.

In: A duodecimo miscellany of verse and prose, 76 leaves. Mid-late 17th century.

Bodleian, MS Rawl. D. 945, ff. 16r-23v.

BuS 39

Copy of the original version, subscribed ‘Winniard Johann. Oxon’.

In: A commonplace book of verse and prose, in a single hand, lacking various leaves. c.1680s.

Leeds University Library, Brotherton Collection, MS Lt. 22, ff. 8r-19v.